ERIC Number: ED337352
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Predicting and Understanding Korean High School Students' Science Track Choice: Testing the Theory of Reasoned Action by Structural Equation Modeling.
Myeong, Jeon-ok; Crawley, Frank E.
The purpose of a study was to provide some practical and theoretical suggestions to science educators in the United States and Korea who are struggling to attract more students to study science and pursue science-related careers. Two research questions were addressed: (1) What are the determinants of Korean high-school students' track choice (science versus humanities) in relation to their higher education and career pursuits? and (2) Is the theory of reasoned action (TRA) applicable to the study of track choice of Korean high school students? First-year high school students from four representative regions of Korea (n=665) participated in the study. The survey instruments were questionnaires developed according to the guidelines of the TRA. The target behavior of interest was Korean students' choice of the science track when they completed the track application forms during the first year of high school. Predictors included the TRA model and external variables. Variables include (1) attitude; (2) subjective norm; (3) academic self-concept; (4) intention; (5) behavior; (6) sex; (7) socioeconomic status; (8) mother's education; and (9) father's education. Multiple regression and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the data. The TRA was found to be applicable for understanding and predicting track choice, with minor modifications. Subjective norm was found to exert a direct influence on the target behavior. (40 references) (KR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: South Korea
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (Lake Geneva, WI, April 7-10, 1991).