ERIC Number: ED337285
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Beyond the Parental Leave Debate: The Impact of Laws in Four States.
Bond, James T.; And Others
The State Parental Leave Study, which was conducted by the Families and Work Institute, covered the states of Minnesota, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. It was found that: (1) Implementation of state leave legislation was easy for the vast majority of employers; (2) The majority of employers did not report substantial costs resulting from the legislation; (3) The vast majority of employers did not cut back on health insurance benefits as a result of the laws; (4) Relatively few employers relied on temporary workers to replace employees on leave; (5) Small companies did not have more difficulty in complying with leave laws than did large ones; (6) There was little change in the way most mothers took parental leave before and soon after the enactment of legislation; (7) After enactment, the proportion of women who took less than the medically advised minimum of 6 weeks off after childbirth decreased; (8) Women from lower-income households took less time off after childbirth than did other women; (9) In Rhode Island, where temporary disability insurance was available, women were least likely to take fewer than 6 weeks off; (10) A total of 85 percent of biological mothers returned to the same employers after their leaves; (11) After enactment of leave statutes, fathers were more likely to take time off and use unpaid leave policies to do so; and (12) Only one in seven employers had prestatute policies and practices that met the requirements of proposed federal leave legislation. (SAK)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Families and Work Inst., New York, NY.
Identifiers: Impact Studies; Minnesota; Oregon; Parental Leave; Rhode Island; Wisconsin