ERIC Number: ED337152
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Trading Places: When Teachers Utilize Student Expertise in Technology-Intensive Classrooms.
Ringstaff, Cathy; And Others
Utilizing self-report data from 32 elementary and secondary teachers, this longitudinal, qualitative study examines the role shifts of both teachers and students as they adapted to teaching and learning in educational, technology-rich, Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow environments. At first, teachers in these instructionally innovative classrooms continued to rely on traditional teaching strategies despite radical physical changes brought about by the introduction of microcomputers, printers, laserdiscs, and other technological tools. However, over time, teaching methods changed from traditional lecture style to instruction dependent on student cooperative learning and peer teaching. Three major issues are addressed in this paper: (1) how and why teachers began to utilize student expertise; (2) how the roles of student experts were expanded as teachers recognized the benefits of peer interaction and collaboration; and (3) how changes at the classroom and institutional levels reinforced teachers' decisions to utilize student expertise. It is concluded that as teachers successfully attempt new classroom techniques, they see for themselves the value of educational strategies such as peer tutoring, and can re-evaluate their beliefs about teaching and learning. (27 references) (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Computer Assisted Instruction, Conventional Instruction, Cooperative Learning, Educational Change, Electronic Equipment, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Innovation, Longitudinal Studies, Microcomputers, Peer Teaching, Qualitative Research, Student Role, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Apple Computer, Inc., Cupertino, CA.
Identifiers: Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).