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ERIC Number: ED337060
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Oct-25
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Developing a Successful Community Supported Literacy Program. The Adivasi Oriya-Telugu Adult Literacy Project, Araku Valley, India.
Gustafsson, Uwe
A literacy project in the eastern hill ranges of India is reported, based on 20 years of involvement, at the beginning of which the tribal language, Adivasi Oriya, was not yet a written language. The literacy rate among tribals in the agricultural community is about 10%. Researchers studied the tribal language, gave it an alphabet, adapted the Telugu script to the language, and studied the grammar. An Adivasi-Telugu-English dictionary was published in 1989. The literacy project began in 1979 with government support, although the tribal staff had an average of a grade 5 education. Subsequent years of the project saw increasing numbers of participants; by 1989, more than 5,700 tribal adults achieved full literacy in the mother tongue, although only 4.5% of new literates were women. The success of the project is attributed to two primary factors: the primary attention given to the illiterate tribal, and the attention given to time management. Monthly meetings, support of village elders, mother tongue literacy with transition to state/regional language, staff development, and follow-up of new literates are also cited. Biographical stories by one female and one male participant are included. (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education) (LB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Adivasi Oriya; India
Note: Paper presented at the International Literacy Year Colloquium (Washington, DC, October 25, 1990).