ERIC Number: ED337023
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Dec-2
Reference Count: N/A
National or Native Language? Options and Dilemmas Related to School Instruction Medium.
Baker, Victoria J.
The paper adds to the ongoing debate over whether education in multicultural societies should be provided in the native tongue of the children in the classrooms. Material is presented from two grassroots level village studies carried out in Senegal and Sri Lanka as a source of insiders' perceptions and desires. Comparative data from diverse countries are also used to attest to the complexity of the matter. Two issues are addressed: (1) language as a vehicle for social advancement and empowerment, from the bottom-up perspective; and (2) language as a means to promote national pride and unity, from the top-down perspective. It is concluded that there is a gap between what theorists proclaim as ideal and the real-life empirical world of schools in very poor multilingual countries. Contains 15 references. (LB)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cultural Context, Developing Nations, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Language of Instruction, Multicultural Education, Native Language Instruction, Power Structure, Regional Characteristics, Second Language Instruction, Social Influences, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Senegal; Sri Lanka
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association (89th, New Orleans, LA, December 2, 1990).