ERIC Number: ED336897
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: 0
Hearing, Listening and Phonosensitivity.
This paper examines human phonosensitivity (the process by which an organism receives acoustic stimuli and integrates them into its behavior patterns), which is divided into two distinct but inseparable systems: hearing, which controls the reception, transmission, and perception of acoustic stimuli, and listening, which controls the discrimination and identification of the stimuli as well as their integration in the organism's behavior patterns and memories. Any sound whose acoustic parameters meet the general criteria of simple audibility will generally activate hearing. The activation of listening, however, depends upon a series of conditions imposed by the specific nature of the message and the physiological state of the hearer. Five propositions are presented concerning the role of these conditions: (1) the process of hearing is globally different from listening, but integrating a sound stimulus can only result from activation of the entire chain of processes; (2) hearing is an essentially non-selective activity while listening is essentially selective; (3) hearing has no specialized function in relation to "affectivity," while listening does; (4) hearing is essentially automatic, while listening is in some measure voluntary; and (5) although hearing is obviously an absolute prerequisite for normal auditory-phonatory behavior, only the listening process ensures the adaptation of the audiophonological circuits necessary for emitting vocal messages in particular environments. (Includes 16 reference notes.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Translated from the French, Italian and Dutch originals.