ERIC Number: ED336877
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May
Reference Count: 0
Scaling the Acceptability of Behavior Decelerative Procedures: Perceptions of Staff Working with Persons with Developmental Disabilities.
Allison, David B.; Silverstein, Jay M.
This study sought to examine the structure and consistency of perceptions of behavior deceleration procedures within populations, provide a preliminary "index" of acceptability, determine if these procedures can be categorized into meaningful groups, and examine the consistency of perceptions across populations. Subjects were 20 professional-level staff members who worked full-time with developmentally disabled children. Subjects were presented with descriptions of 22 frequently cited behavior reduction procedures and asked to rate each procedure for "aversiveness,""restrictiveness,""intrusiveness," and the extent to which the procedure was "normalized." Results indicated that subjects did not distinguish among the four terms. Overall, there was considerable consensus among individuals, with most disagreement occurring in the middle range of aversiveness. Based on the findings, procedures could be classified into three levels: (1) least aversive (differential reinforcement procedures, extinction, satiation, and response-cost); (2) more aversive (time-out, negative practice, overcorrection, and both antecedent and contingent exercise); and (3) most aversive (punishment through physical stimulation). The rank ordering of treatments was compared to the rank ordering of a sample of psychology doctoral candidates and found to exhibit a great deal of consistency in ratings. (14 references) (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Aversive Stimuli; Behavior Management
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association on Mental Retardation (115th, Washington, DC, May 19-23, 1991).