ERIC Number: ED336783
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Critical Thinking: The Importance of Teaching.
Modern society is full of examples of people's inability to employ techniques of critical thinking in everyday situations. Learning to think critically is important because within this complex society, individuals are constantly placed into situations where difficult choices must be made. An ability to analyze critically available alternatives increases the probability that wise choices--or at least informed choices--will be made. The key to critical thinking is reasoning through alternatives with a positive problem-solving attitude. Educators can help students to improve their critical thinking processes by creating an atmosphere where students are free to ask questions, and by using methods of evaluation that are consistent with the principles of promoting critical thinking. Multiple choice, true/false, and fill-in-the-blank tests, for example, are not consistent with such principles. Teachers should structure thought-provoking questions that challenge students to employ methods of critical thinking. Finally, students must be taught to solve problems by: (1) stating the problem; (2) searching for the facts; (3) sifting the facts for important information; (4) soliciting ideas; and (5) selecting the best alternative. (PRA)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Societal Needs
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Communication Association (Chicago, IL, April 11-14, 1991).