ERIC Number: ED336772
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Group Discussion and Individual Critical Thinking Processes: An Interactive Perspective.
Dixson, Marcia D.
This paper offers a small group discussion model as a viable alternative for facilitating critical thinking. The paper first review literature discussing what critical thinking is and whether it can be taught. After defining critical thinking as an active process which involves constructing arguments, the paper concludes that an optimally effective teaching method for critical thinking allows (1) for differences in learning styles and abilities; (2) for observations of, interaction with, and internalization of the process; and (3) for human interaction to aid in the crystallization of learning. The paper next discusses what teaching methods might work and the role of communication research, arguing that small group discussion may be among the best method for teaching critical thinking skills. The paper then presents a model which proposes an interaction between group critical thinking processes as the learning environment and individual learning of those critical thinking processes, in which communication is both a mediating and a moderating variable. Finally, the paper then presents avenues for research into the group variables which might affect such interaction and, specifically, the group critical thinking processes. Thirty-two references are attached. (PRA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Research Suggestions; Small Group Communication
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Communication Association (Chicago, IL, April 11-14, 1991).