ERIC Number: ED336684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jun-6
Reference Count: N/A
Guatemalan Girls' Views of the Ideal Woman.
Gibbons, Judith L.
Adolescent girls living in Guatemala today experience a variety of influences on their lives. These include transmitted cultural values blended from Mayan and Spanish traditions, current social and economic conditions such as inflation, political violence, and urban migration, and also more immediate and personal influences: their families, friends, and teachers. This study examined how adolescent girls in urban Guatemala view their own lives and their futures, as depicted in their views of ideal women. Ninety adolescent girls were asked to complete the ideal woman questionnaire, and to draw a picture of the ideal woman doing something. The Guatemalan girls viewed womanhood in traditional terms. The ideal woman was depicted as a hard worker who takes care of her home and family. Her identity is based in her social network, and she derives her happiness and her satisfaction from participating in others' development. If the ideal woman works outside the home, she works in those occupations traditionally reserved for women: teacher, nurse, or secretary. Guatemalan girls recognized the value of women as homemakers and caretakers. The cultural value of collectivism in Guatemala, the traditional emphasis on the family, and the adoption of the feminine values of nurturance and caretaking all contribute to the Guatemalan adolescent girls' view of the ideal woman as hard working, nurturant, honest, and affectionate in her participation in her family and occupational roles. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress on Women (4th, New York, NY, June 3-7, 1990).