ERIC Number: ED336683
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jul-9
Reference Count: N/A
Women's Worldly Fate: Guatemalan, Filipino, and U.S.A. Adolescents' Images of Women as Office Workers and Homemakers.
Gibbons, Judith; And Others
Teenagers' views of women's roles are important because the stage of adolescence brings with it an intense concern with the adult roles of men and women. Although the images created by teenagers may appear to be similar across nations, the meanings of the images may differ for teenagers from different cultures. This study describes the use of adolescent interpreters to understand images in a cross-cultural context. Adolescents (N=88) from Guatemala, the Phillipines, and the United States interpreted their peers' drawings of the ideal woman as cook or office worker. For adolescent interpreters in all three countries, women office workers were seen as hardworking. Filipino adolescents also described them as rebellious, untidy, and liberal. U.S. students saw them as bored with tedious office work, success-oriented, and yearning for fulfillment. Young people in Guatemala described women office workers as hoping for a better future, working for their families, and as strong educated women. Women cooking were seen as altruistic and good to others. Filipino adolescents described cooks as burdened by the duty of cooking. U.S. students described them as happy. As in the drawings of women office workers, Guatemalan young people saw the possibility for betterment, improvement, and reaching one's goals. Despite many similarities, Guatemalan adolescents focused on the qualities of the person, and U.S. and Filipino adolescents focused on the role. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Guatemala; Philippines
Note: Paper presented at the Interamerican Congress of Psychology (23rd, San Jose, Costa Rica, July 7-12, 1991).