ERIC Number: ED336665
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May
Reference Count: N/A
Occupational Stress: Coping of Police and Their Spouses.
Beehr, Terry A.; And Others
Occupational stress situations are those in which characteristics of, or events related to, the workplace lead to individuals' ill health or welfare. One of the basic issues in the occupational stress domain concerns coping, or ways in which the individual can attempt to deal with the job stressors to ward off the aversive strains. As a part of a larger study on occupational stress, this study examined coping in 177 police officers and their spouses. Measures of coping and outcomes of strain were administered. The results indicated that there appeared to be five coping activities in which police and their spouses engage when they experience stress: problem-focused coping, rugged individualism, avoidance, religion, and self-blame. While the first one appeared to be obviously problem-focused, in the terms of the problem-focused and emotion-focused dichotomy, the others seemed more likely to be emotion-focused. There was a negative relationship between avoidance and strains among the police officers. Spouses tended to use the same coping activities for three of the five coping strategies: problem-focused, avoidance, and religion. The divorce potential reported by the officers and by the spouses were strongly correlated, lending confidence in the validity of the data. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Avoidance Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (63rd, Chicago, IL, May 2-4, 1991).