ERIC Number: ED336651
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May-26
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Self-Efficacy on Fear Arousal and Performance.
Suarez, Yolanda; Crowe, Michael J.
While self-efficacy has been described as a basic mechanism underlying arousal and performance, the hypothesis that belief of higher self-efficacy should produce lower anticipatory arousal and distress has not been proven. This study assessed perceived self-efficacy, self-report measures of fear and arousal, performance across sex, and a behavioral approach test (BAT). Undergraduates (N=51) reporting a high fear of spiders participated in the study in which 40 students used the active behavioral approach test, physically approaching the stationary fear stimulus and 11 used the passive behavioral approach test, remaining stationary but controlling the motorized approach of the fear stimulus. The results revealed that self-efficacy was a better predictor for approach behavior in the passive BAT than in the active BAT. There was a higher proportion of cowards (low self-efficacy and did not touch), phonies (high self-efficacy but did not touch), and courageous (low self-efficacy but touch) for the active BAT and more competents (high self-efficacy and touch) for the passive BAT. Females were more often cowards, phonies, or courageous while males were more often competent. Except for Touch and the self-report Fear Thermometer, significant correlations were found among the remaining dependent variables. Females reported higher fear and higher avoidance than males, while males had higher self-efficacy for the feared stimulus. (NB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis (14th, Atlanta, GA, May 24-28, 1991).