ERIC Number: ED336233
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Dec-17
Reference Count: N/A
Addressing Evaluation Challenges of Grassroots Family Support Programs: The MIHOW Program.
Maloney, Erin; Davis, Kenneth
This paper describes the process used by the Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker Program (MIHOW), a program of the Center for Health Services at Vanderbilt University, to develop its program evaluation with limited evaluation resources. The evaluation addresses the empowerment of grassroots participants in two projects: the MIHOW Pre- and Post-natal Project and the Mother/Toddler Project. Four steps in evaluation design were followed for the MIHOW program: (1) defining the domains of empowerment as self-esteem, knowledge, action, and isolation; (2) selecting "progress toward objectives" and "program clarification" as types of evaluation to be conducted; (3) selecting MIHOW objectives to evaluate in terms of the domains of empowerment; and (4) selecting evaluation instruments for the pre-post-test design. The Family Support Scale was chosen to measure social support. Self-esteem is measured with the Rosenberg Scale. A scale to assess knowledge and use of community resources was developed specifically for this program. These empowerment indicators are measured when the participant enters the project as well as when the participant's child is 12-months old and 24-months old. At entry into the project and each 6 months thereafter, mothers in the Mother/Toddler Project are asked open-ended questions about their reasons for participation in the project to elicit goal-setting skills and information from the mothers. Possible problems with the evaluation concern: (1) internal validity; (2) interviewer bias; and (3) a limited measure of empowerment. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Empowerment; Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker Program TN; Rural Women
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Appalachian Children (Lexington, KY, November 6-7, 1990).