ERIC Number: ED336202
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Parenting Across Three Generations: The Development of Maternal Empathy.
Jacobvitz, Deborah; And Others
This study addressed three aspects of maternal thinking: the mother's capacity to respond with sensitivity to her infant, the mother's memories of being accepted by her own parents during childhood, and her view of herself as competent and loveable. The Mother-Father-Peer Scale was used to determine whether mothers felt accepted or rejected, whether they felt overprotected or encouraged to be self-reliant by their own mothers, and whether they idealized their mothers. Mother-infant interactions were observed and rated for sensitivity versus insensitivity and for cooperation versus interference. Mothers who felt accepted by their own mothers were more likely than mothers who felt rejected to respond to their infants with sensitivity. Mothers who had idealized their own mothers during childhood provided less sensitive care to their infants than did mothers who had not idealized their mothers. Mothers who recalled maternal overprotection viewed themselves as less competent than mothers who recalled encouragement of self-reliance and were observed to interfere with their infants. Results indicated a concordance between grandmothers' and mothers' recall of their own caregiving history. A list of 19 references is included. A series of appendixes provides graphic displays of the caregiving models discussed in the text, and descriptions of the subjects and assessment instruments. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Acceptance; Idealization; Intergenerational Continuity; Maternal Responsiveness; Self Reliance
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).