ERIC Number: ED336183
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Computer-Elicited Parental Self-Reports: Reactions to, Reliability, and Behavioral Validity.
Holden, George W.; And Others
This paper discusses a method of eliciting parental self-reports about child-rearing behavior. The method, called computer-presented social situations (CPSS), uses vignettes that are presented on computers. Several studies examined: (1) what mothers think about the technique; (2) reliability of data collected by the technique; and (3) validity of data compared to actual maternal behavior. In one study, mothers responded through computers, questionnaires, or interviews to 24 questions concerning child misbehavior vignettes. The CPSS was rated more favorably on four factors than were the other methods of eliciting self-reports, but were rated less favorably on expression than was the interview. A second study failed to replicate these results. In a third study, mothers responded twice, before and after a two-week interval, to a 104-question CPSS program. Test-retest results were acceptable and compared favorably with other methods. In a fourth study, mothers were observed on a visit to a supermarket with their children, and responded to a CPSS program about child misbehavior during the visit. The overall agreement between mothers' observed behavior and intentions assessed by means of the computer was 36 percent. A reference list of six items is included. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Computer Presented Social Interactions; Computerized Techniques; Test Retest Reliability
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).