ERIC Number: ED336083
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Grand Challenges: High Performance Computing and Communications. The FY 1992 U.S. Research and Development Program.
Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology, Washington, DC.
This report presents a review of the High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) Program, which has as its goal the acceleration of the commercial availability and utilization of the next generation of high performance computers and networks in order to: (1) extend U.S. technological leadership in high performance computing and computer communications; (2) provide wide dissemination and application of the technologies both to speed the pace of innovation and to serve the national economy, national security, education, and the global environment; and (3) spur gains in U.S. productivity and industrial competitiveness by making high performance computing and networking technologies an integral part of the design and production process. An executive summary, which opens the report, is followed by four chapters: (1) Program Goals and Overview (program description, needs and benefits, and program execution strategy); (2) HPCC Program Components (High Performance Computing Systems, Advanced Software Technology and Algorithms, the National Research and Education Network--NREN--and Basic Research and Human Resources); (3) Program Development and Agency Budgets (program planning, evaluation criteria, and agency program descriptions for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Department of Energy, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation, National Institute for Standards and Technology, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Library of Medicine; and (4) Grand Challenge and Supporting Technology Case Studies (forecasting severe weather events, the study of cancer genes, predicting new superconductors, air pollution, aerospace vehicle design, energy conservation and turbulent combustion, microsystems design and packaging, the earth's biosphere, high speed networks, and education using the NREN. Eight figures and a glossary are included. (DB)
Descriptors: Computer Networks, Computer Software, Economic Opportunities, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Programs, Higher Education, Human Resources, Information Technology, National Security, Research and Development, Science and Society, Technological Advancement
Committee on Physical, Mathematical, and Engineering Sciences, c/o National Science Foundation, Computer and Information Science and Engineering, 1800 G Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20550.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: High Performance Computing; National Research and Education Network; Supercomputers
Note: Report by the Committee on Physical, Mathematical, and Engineering Sciences to supplement the President's Fiscal Year 1992 budget. For related documents, see ED 332 693-694, IR 015 103, IR 015 105, IR 015 125, and IR 015 204.