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ERIC Number: ED336062
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Pages: 72
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Problem Solving Strategies in LOGO Programming Using Partially Automated Techniques.
McAllister, Alan
Computer assisted instructional environments offer unique opportunities for the analysis of learning and problem solving processes. In this paper, partially automated techniques for process analysis are applied in a study of the problem solving strategies of a group of gifted students learning the Logo programming language. The objectives of the paper are to develop strategy specifications, construct a model of the students' programming process, and illustrate the application of partially automated interaction process analysis. The computer software programs included tools for collecting, displaying, encoding, and dynamically representing the students' problem solving in the Logo environment. Two tasks were administered: a graphics task midway through the program, and a word-and-list task at the end. Problem solving strategies were identified in each task, and it was found that they differed across tasks and across subjects. Results indicate that students' strategies are a function of specific task demands and the students' representations of the problem, their knowledge of program design, and their knowledge-base of specific methods for implementing their designs in code. Recommendations for future behavioral science research in the area of problem solving include routine use of microcomputers to monitor students' performances and provide appropriate individualized assistance instantaneously. (66 references) (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: LOGO Programing Language
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).