ERIC Number: ED335879
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Semantically Ergative Languages in Typological Perspective.
Kibrik, Alexandr E.
An analysis of semantically ergative languages begins with a description of the essential results of research on ergativity to date, and an outline of the assumptions and conceptual apparatus on which the analysis is based. Subsequently, data from 20 Daghestanian languages, primarily Archi, are examined for evidence of the syntactic features of role-oriented ergative languages, including semantic roles and cases, voices, semantic role derivation, semantic derivation of predicates, nominalization, reflexivization, relativization, complementation, and coordination. It is concluded from this investigation that a pattern of syntactic organization in which all syntactic processes apply, regardless of the roles of the noun phrases, is possible, and that such a pattern allows the language to consistently follow the principle of role determination of case marking. There are many instances of apparent deviation from syntactic neutrality, but closer analysis usually shows that there is semantic motivation of the surface linguistic form. A 25-item bibliography is included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of North Dakota Session, Volume 35, p67-90, 1991; see FL 019 329.