ERIC Number: ED335841
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Literacy and Science: The Development of Deaf Students' Writing Skills in Networked Science Classrooms.
Bell, Laura C.; And Others
The Lexington School for the Deaf (New York) has developed a program which involves deaf students in extensive writing within the science curriculum through utilization of a local area network of linked computers. The program is intended to counter the students' low science achievement and poor written language skills. Originally developed for use in the pre-highschool Earth Science curriculum, the technology was used during 1990 with 10 deaf children (median reading grade level 4.1) in a high school preparatory class. Students used the computers to communicate with the teacher and to complete assignments including logs, summaries, reports, problem solving, story completion, filing, tests, and short-answer quizzes. Several writing measures were used to evaluate children's writing samples: a measure of writing errors, a measure of connectedness in writing, and a number of holistic measures. Analysis of changes in student writing indicated a significant reduction in writing errors and in failures to connect sentences meaningfully. Most errors were errors of reference and location, typical in the writing of the deaf. Includes five references. (DB)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Managed Instruction, Computer Networks, Deafness, Earth Science, Error Analysis (Language), Grammar, Junior High Schools, Science Instruction, Special Classes, Writing Across the Curriculum, Writing Evaluation, Writing Improvement, Writing Skills, Written Language
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Lexington School for the Deaf NY
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).