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ERIC Number: ED335721
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparative Analysis of Training Models versus Consulting/Training Models for Implementing Oral Communication across the Curriculum.
Cronin, Michael W.; Grice, George L.
Many non-speech faculty lack adequate training in oral communication instruction, thus creating a major obstacle to developing programs of oral communication across the curriculum (OCXC). OCXC programs have attempted to ameliorate this problem by providing training programs or consulting/training (CONTRA) programs for non-speech faculty. The Training Model attempts to teach non-speech faculty to conduct oral communication activities in their classes. The CONTRA model (already adapted at Radford University and the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs) combines the Training Model with direct instruction and evaluation by speech communication experts. While the Training Model enables the application of OCXC at institutions with small or nonexistent speech departments, it provides such limited knowledge that non-speech faculty are neither competent to provide oral communication training, nor to design or evaluate activities. Compared to the Training Model, the CONTRA Model provides for superior design, implementation, and evaluation of oral communication activities, because it ensures that both the students and the non-speech faculty get some training and evaluation from experts. The CONTRA Model, however, cannot be implemented without sufficient speech communication faculty, and may entail the willingness to work without additional compensation, and to accept the goals of OCXC. Although the CONTRA Model is theoretically preferable, the theoretical advantages and disadvantages of the two models are yet to be examined in controlled comparative studies. In addition, many institutions lack the resources to implement the CONTRA Model. Institutions must decide whether it is better to use the Training Model than to offer no OCXC program at all. (Twenty references are attached.) (PRA)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Radford University VA; Speaking across the Curriculum; University of Colorado Colorado Springs
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (77th, Atlanta, GA, October 31-November 3, 1991).