ERIC Number: ED335686
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
"Languages and Not Language": The Writer, the Text, and the Quotation.
Kelly, Kathleen Ann
When a writer quotes from or paraphrases someone else's text he or she is performing--consciously or unconsciously--a political act, situating him/herself somewhere between personal authority and other, sometimes alien authorities. Rather than being encouraged to examine their attitude toward the use of sources, students are too often taught that using quotations is a mechanical exercise. The result is that students' papers often make halfhearted and submissive gestures toward a secondary source, using quotations in a way that enshrines the words of a "great writer." Most rhetorical handbooks, unfortunately, merely describe and give examples of the conventional ways to use quotations or paraphrases. They do not illustrate a process of using quotations and paraphrases, allowing students to see how to get there from here. They fail to acknowledge that the act of paraphrasing is an act of interpretation. This effectively situates student writers as outsiders, alienating them from the source material they attempt to use and from their own texts. By inviting students to recognize the varied and sometimes contradictory voices that make up academic and other forms of discourse, teachers can empower them to reach for, as M. M. Bakhtin says, "languages and not language." Designing writing assignments that invite students to enter into a critical, dialogically informed encounter with assigned readings, can help them to gain a better sense of how they and other writers create meaning in their texts. (PRA)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dialogics; Mikhail Bakhtin; Paraphrase; Quotations
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (42nd, Boston, MA, March 21-23, 1991).