ERIC Number: ED335596
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Aug-13
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Physical and Health Educators and Coaches in the Prevention of Eating Disorders.
Moriarty, Dick; And Others
All teachers, coaches, and guidance counselors should be concerned about eating disorders as a health and life threatening illness. While no reliable research studies or statistics exist on the incidence of eating disorders among athletes and aerobic exercisers, estimates suggest that 10-20% of the female high school population and a much higher percentage of college and university female populations are involved in some form of eating disorder. Studies have shown that the incidence is much higher among children and young adults involved in activities such as dance, gymnastics, figure skating, middle distance and marathon running, swimming and diving, rowing and wrestling. Although eating disorders are generally perceived as a female adolescent problem, there are statistics that suggest that a growing number of males and young adults are also engaged in eating disorders. This document reviews the literature on eating disorders in the areas of: (1) eating disorders and sport/fitness activity; (2) sports/fitness programs and maladaptive behavior; (3) competitiveness in sport/fitness and eating disorders; and (4) sociocultural factors. Research is reviewed and books and publications on eating disorders are discussed. Over 80 references are included. (NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Eating Disorders
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Conference for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (34th, Limerick, Ireland, August 12-16, 1991).