ERIC Number: ED335578
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Gender Stereotypes of Occupations: Does Women's Work Have Prestige Yet?
Girondi, Annette M.; And Others
While gender stereotyping of occupations has been investigated, the relationship between such stereotypes and job status has received less attention. Two studies were conducted in which assessments of occupational gender stereotyping were compared with assessments of occupational prestige made by the same subjects. In study one, subjects were 20 male and 20 female adults employed in various occupations. Subjects rated the sex-type and prestige of 46 occupations. Approximately 26.1% of the occupations were viewed as feminine, 23.9% as neutral, and 50% as masculine. Prestige ratings of feminine occupations had a very small range, while ratings for masculine occupations had a broader range. In study two, 20 men and women employed as human resource professionals used the same rating procedures used in the first study to rate 134 occupations. Results revealed that 15.7% of the occupations were rated as feminine, 8.9% as neutral, and 75.4% as masculine. Prestige ratings for feminine occupations again had a very small range. Masculine occupations, in general, received higher prestige ratings. The findings of these two studies suggest that adults in the workplace have consistent estimates of gender stereotypes. The majority of occupations are perceived as being masculine, and those that are viewed as feminine are thought to be less prestigious. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Occupational Status; Occupational Stereotypes
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (62nd, New York, NY, April 11-14, 1991).