ERIC Number: ED335577
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Attributions of Counseling by Counselor Trainees and Supervisors over Time.
Dixon, David N.; Tess, Daniel E.
In attempting to understand their own behaviors and that of others, people make different attributions about causes. During the process of supervision, supervisors and counselor trainees make many attributions, including those about client, trainee, and supervisor behavior. A supervision analogue was used to examine attributional processes in counselor supervision. Specifically, differences between counselor trainees and supervisors and changes during the supervision process were hypothesized. Confederate clients (N=16) who were college students, counselor trainees (N=13) who were master's degree students, and supervisors (N=9) who were advanced level counseling psychology doctoral students participated in the study. Results failed to confirm previous findings of differences between trainees and supervisors, but did show significant changes over time for both parties on the attributional measures of locus, stability, and controllability of causality. Counselor trainees were seen more as the locus of causality, and the causes for the events in the analogue counseling sessions were seen as more stable and controllable as supervision progressed. Approaching supervision from an attributional perspective holds promise for understanding the supervision process. Previous research has documented differences in attributions between supervisors and trainees, and this study demonstrated changes in supervision that occur over time. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Counseling Psychology
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (99th, San Francisco, CA, August 16-20, 1991).