ERIC Number: ED335444
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Developments in Distance Education in Asia. An Analysis of Five Case Studies.
Smith, Kevin; Curran, Chris
This report presents a comparative analysis of five Asian systems that use communications technologies on a large scale for educational purposes. Part 1 provides background on the project and describes two meetings, one of which launched the project and a second, at which self-analyses were made. The national contexts of the systems and their responses are also described. This brief analysis looks at the main elements in three phases of development of the five national educational systems: planning, designs and structures, and educational and administrative processes. Resource factors relating to the use of communications technologies are considered. The cost structures, resource costs, and financing aspects of the five systems are described. Part 2 discusses five key issues: access and equity, the quality of learning, the effectiveness of use of communications technology, management, and resource factors. Appendixes in this section include a framework for the project methodology and cost analysis questionnaire. Part 3 contains the five Asian case studies: Central Institute of Educational Technology, India; Central Radio and TV University, China; Indira Gandhi National Open University, India; Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Thailand; and Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia. Each case study consists of these sections: context, input--system design, educational process, costs, and educational outcomes. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Case Studies, Cost Effectiveness, Developing Nations, Distance Education, Educational Finance, Educational Quality, Educational Research, Equal Education, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Models, National Programs, Organization, Program Administration, Program Development
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Council for Distance Education.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Identifiers: Asia; Central Institute of Educ Technology (India); Central Radio and TV University (China); Indira Gandhi National Open University (India); Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University (Thailand); Universitas Terbuka (Indonesia)