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ERIC Number: ED335151
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Sense of Belonging and Its Relationship to Academic Motivation among Pre- and Early Adolescent Students.
Goodenow, Carol
This study investigated the relationship of students' sense of belonging in their classes to measures related to motivation, student effort, and academic achievement. Data from 612 fifth- through eighth-grade middle school students revealed that the sense of belonging in a class was related to: (1) students' expectations of academic success; (2) students' intrinsic interest in the schoolwork in the particular subject; (3) course grades; and (4) teacher ratings of students' effort. In general, the sense of belonging was most important among seventh graders, and was more important in low-consensus classes, such as social studies, than in high-consensus classes. Belonging is seen as situation-specific and as amenable to change through group processes in the classroom. A list of 32 references is included. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Belongingness; Early Adolescents; Student Expectations
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).