ERIC Number: ED335126
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of Vygotsky's Theory of Children's Private Speech.
Duncan, Robert M.
In this study, Vygotsky's theory of the interpersonal origin and cognitive-developmental function of children's private speech is outlined and compared with Piaget's view of egocentric speech, and some contemporary North American research on children's private speech is reviewed. For the study, 32 preschool-aged children were videotaped during two sessions while they worked on story-sequencing tasks that had been adapted from the revised Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. Findings indicated that participants produced more private speech while working on difficult items than while working on easy items. The overall coefficient of egocentrism was negatively correlated with overall task performance and positively correlated with age. Analysis by functional and developmental categories of private speech showed a theoretically consistent reversal from the first session to the second session, from predominance of descriptive speech over planned, self-guiding speech, to predominance of the latter over the former. Advantages of a cross-session rather than single-session approach to studying private speech are discussed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wilfrid Laurier Univ., Waterloo (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Private Speech; Vygotsky (Lev S)
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).