ERIC Number: ED335110
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-18
Reference Count: N/A
Social Support from Family and Friends Is Not Necessarily the Same.
The study examined the claims that social support from family and friends are not the same in their effects on young adolescents; and that the relationship between social support from family and friends is not the same for African-American and Latino students. A sample of 792 students from the sixth, seventh, and eighth grades of 18 Chicago (Illinois) public elementary schools in neighborhoods with high rates of teenage pregnancy completed a survey that collected information on demographic variables, measures of perceived social support from friends and family, and sexual behavior. Social support from family remained the same from sixth to eighth grade while social support from friends increased by grade. Higher levels of social support from family were associated with reduced sexual activity, and higher levels of social support from friends were associated with increased sexual activity. The effects of social support from family and friends was stronger for Latino students. There were no differences in the effect of social support by sex or parental living arrangements. A sample of the modified social support scales used in the survey is included. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ounce of Prevention Fund.
Identifiers: African Americans; Chicago Public Schools IL; Ethnic Differences; Latinos
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).