ERIC Number: ED334999
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Dynamic Processes from Animated Visuals in Microcomputer-Based Instruction.
Mayton, Gary B.
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the animation of visual information when used in conjunction with text and static visuals in microcomputer-based instruction. Of particular interest were consequent performance on higher level learning tasks as a result of viewing these forms of visual presentation, and those levels of learning that demonstrate knowledge of a dynamic process. The 72 subjects, who were introductory psychology undergraduate students, were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups to complete a microcomputer-based tutorial presentation of information about the structure and function of the human heart. The subjects in each treatment group were also randomly assigned to graphic or verbal testing. One treatment group received the tutorial employing text and static visuals with computer-assessed short-answer questions providing immediate feedback; the second group received the same presentation features with the addition of imagery cuing; and the third group preserved the content, sequence, and operation of the second with the addition of animated sequences of a pumping heart where appropriate. The results of the study show that the use of animation in a computer-based tutorial to teach a dynamic process can be beneficial. While this study did not clearly distinguish the impact made by the animation of visuals from that made by the imagery cuing strategy, certain results were clearly supportive of the contribution to learning made by animating the visuals. As the increased availability of hardware and software systems make the design and use of this visual form accessible, further research should be conducted on the impact of animated visual information on specific learning tasks. (10 references) (BBM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Heart; Ohio State University
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research Presentations at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology; see IR 015 132.