ERIC Number: ED334906
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Causal Attributions for College Success and Failure: An American-Asian Comparison.
Yan, Wenfan; Gaier, Eugene L.
This study compared possible causal attributions for college success and failure in American and Asian students via a sample of 358 undergraduate students who were administered the Multi-Dimensional-Multi-Attribution Causality Scale (MMCS). American, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Southeast Asian subjects reported a higher average of perceived personal responsibility for academic success than for failure. The hypothesis of "self-serving" bias in attribution was also supported. Subjects across the five nationalities tended to attribute success more than failure to internal factors and to attribute achievement to their own effort rather than to task difficulty or luck. That the American students attributed achievement more to ability while the Asian students stressed effort is discussed in terms of cultural values and national characteristics. Contains 17 references. (Author/GLR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aptitude, Academic Failure, Attitude Measures, Attribution Theory, Beliefs, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Influences, Educational Attitudes, Ethnic Groups, Higher Education, Locus of Control, Responsibility, Self Fulfilling Prophecies, Student Attitudes, Undergraduate Study
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Asian Students
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April, 1991).