ERIC Number: ED334749
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Family Support Services and Residential Options for the Mentally Retarded in the U.S.: New Service Paradigms and Models.
This report outlines emerging paradigms of service for mentally retarded adults emerging from a nationwide search for innovative programs and practices. It was prompted by the consistent finding of a Pennsylvania longitudinal study that mentally retarded school completers tend to live indefinitely with parents or guardians. The study found the most common family support services in the nation are respite and child care, environmental adaptation, and family counseling. Noted among Pennsylvania's services is the Family-Driven Family Support Services Program in which persons with mental retardation and their families decide which services will best address their needs. Four programs that create innovative housing options for the mentally retarded are featured. The following three programs develop permanent housing arrangements in the community: Family Consortiums in Ohio (parents or guardians form a consortium which manages a certified home); the Resource Center for the Elderly in Illinois (matches adults with developmental disabilities with community residents in mutually beneficial shared living arrangements); and Prairie Housing Cooperative in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (clusters of housing in which one unit is occupied by a handicapped individual). Project S.T.A.R. (Specialized Training for Adoption Readiness) in western Pennsylvania is an adoption agency for children with disabilities. Includes 45 references. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: Edith L. Trees Charitable Trust.
Authoring Institution: Health and Welfare PLANNING Association, Pittsburgh, PA.; Community Research Associates, Pittsburgh, PA.
Note: For a related document, see EC 300 494.