ERIC Number: ED334611
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Tactile Stimulation and Gross Motor Movement on Cognitive Learning: A Test of Montessori's Muscular Movement Theory in the College Classroom.
Clair, Robin Patric
Three theories have been proposed to explain the relationship between nonverbal behavior and cognitive learning: arousal theory, depth-of-processing theory, and muscular movement theory. The first two theories place emphasis on the role of the teacher and have been empirically tested. The third theory, muscular movement (which suggests that the physical involvement of the student will increase cognitive learning), places emphasis on the behavioral role of the student and has received less attention from empiricists. A study examined whether the use of tactile stimulation in conjunction with motor movements would enhance cognitive learning. Subjects were 41 students in an upper level communication research methods class. A lecture (dealing with operationalization, measurement, and reliability and validity) was presented to one group, and the same lecture was presented to a second group with the addition of three tactile/motor exercises. Results indicated a significant relationship between the nonverbal behavioral participation of students and cognitive learning as assessed through exam scores. Findings suggest that students who are physically involved in the content of the lecture score higher on their exams than students who only listen to the lecture even though those students receive similar examples and similar levels of immediacy. (Two tables of data are included and 33 references are attached.) (SR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Communication Context; Montessori (Maria)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Communication Association (Pittsburgh, PA, April 25-28, 1991).