ERIC Number: ED334337
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Structural Patterns and Change in Grade Retention Rates: An Aggregate Analysis of Data from a Large Urban School District, 1982-1989.
Morris, Don R.
This study examines retention rates in Dade County (Florida) schools, using aggregate statistical data for the school years 1982-83 through 1988-89 to describe existing patterns and changes over time. An earlier study established commonalities of pattern across grades, over great disparities of circumstances, and across time. The following findings are presented: (1) patterns of retention rate shift were influenced by student socioeconomic status (SES) and structural variables, and by stricter standard policies stemming from reform legislation of the late 1970s and early 1980s; (2) definite patterns of retention rate shift were associated with the school district's reorganization from a junior high school model to a middle school model; and (3) other patterns appeared to be affected by annual state performance testing practices and by other state education reform legislation intended to toughen graduation standards. Statistical data are presented in one table and 10 graphs. Policymakers are cautioned against rapid, unexpected negative trends in retention rates resulting from well-meaning reforms. A list of eight notes and seven references is appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dade County Public Schools FL
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April, 1991).