ERIC Number: ED334262
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Relation between Problem Areas and Stages of Computer Implementation.
ten Brummelhuis, Alfons; Plomp, Tjeerd
Using data from an international comparative study on the use of new technologies in education in about 22 countries, an assessment of the relation between problem areas and stages of computer implementation was undertaken. The study--"Computers in Education" (COMPED)--has been conducted since 1987 by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). The COMPED assesses national policies regarding the goals of computer education and the actual use of computers, school plans and implementation of plans, experiences and opinions of teachers, and the effect of innovations at the student level. National policy, school policy, and teacher questionnaires are used to collect data on both elementary and secondary educational levels. Exploratory and contrast analyses were performed on study data. Results indicate that the most important problems of computer users are, at the same time, the most important reasons given by non-users for non-use. The problems with implementing computer technology in education, experienced by principals, computer coordinators, and teachers, are related to conditional factors, such as lack of hardware, software, knowledge, and time. The most important differences between schools with low and high levels of computer use are associated with organizational problems. Six tables are included. (TJH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Computers in Education (IEA)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).