ERIC Number: ED334246
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Validity in Action Research.
Watkins, Karen E.
Emerging criteria are reported for judging the trustworthiness of action research studies as compared to the criteria established for judging the trustworthiness of other forms of naturalistic inquiry set forth by Y. S. Lincoln and E. Guba (1985). Differing conceptions of the nature of action research are delineated, and their accompanying implications for validity in action research are noted. Action science forms the theoretical basis for establishing these criteria for determining trustworthiness in action research. Additional validity criteria and issues for action research are offered via discussions of two studies: (1) a 1952 study by K. Lewin concerning eating habits; and (2) a study by K. Watkins concerning supervisor empowerment in a large company. Gaps between the theory and practice of validating action research projects point to the need to clarify and emphasize the significant role of teaching/learning and interpersonal competence in producing valid, potentially generalizable, results in action research. Three figures and one table illustrate the discussion. A 32-item list of references is included. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Validation Verification and Testing Techniques
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).