ERIC Number: ED334216
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Multilevel Factor Analysis of Proficiency in English as a Foreign Language.
As part of the National Evaluation Program of the Swedish school system, proficiency in the English language is evaluated for students in grade 5 (at age 12 years). Variation between classes and variation within classes were studied in a multilevel factor analysis (MFA) using a sample of 3,162 students in 162 classes for whom student questionnaire (self-assessment), teacher questionnaire, and achievement test results were available. In all, eight achievement tests were administered, which evaluated reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge, listening comprehension, and writing proficiency. Only a small subsample took a speaking test. A two-level MFA was performed using the LISREL VI computer program. Analyses from the student questionnaire and tests revealed factor structures for: (1) proficiency as measured by tests; (2) proficiency as measured by self-assessments; (3) attitudes concerning learning English and using English; and (4) frequency of leisure-time use of English. The factor structure based on total variance was similar to that of the within-class part. The MFA provided additional information about the effects of group membership and instructional effectiveness. Five tables present study data. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: LISREL Computer Program; Multilevel Analysis; Sweden; Variance (Statistical)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).