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ERIC Number: ED334150
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Towards Understanding Instructional Explanations.
Leinhardt, Gaea
This paper is designed to extend a dialogue on the nature of explanations to include instructional explanations. The paper explores the distinctions between specific types of explanations, (common, disciplinary, self, and instructional) with respect to specific features (problem type, initiation, evidence, form, and audience). Given this context three examples of instructional explanations are explored: one by a teacher in history, one by a student in history, and one by teachers and students together in mathematics. These three examples of instructional explanations are discussed and inspected with respect to the initiating condition for the explanation, the devices used in the explanation, and the rules for closure or evidence. Instructional explanations form a core part of all teaching whether or not the style is didactic or dialogue based. Knowing what the aspects of good explanations are, how these aspects are learned, and how to improve them is important for the education of teachers and for the general improvement of education. (Author/IAH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for the Study of Learning, Pittsburgh, PA.; Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Identifiers: Explanations
Note: Partial funding received from the James S. McDonnell Foundation.