ERIC Number: ED334082
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Hands-On Approach to the Improvement of Rural Elementary Teacher Confidence in Science and Mathematics.
Hadfield, Oakley D.; Lillibridge, Fred
Levels of achievement and participation in both school mathematics and school science remain unacceptable throughout most of the nation. Addressing these concerns has unique and specific ramifications for small rural schools, particularly with respect to the economic aspects of providing the materials and manipulatives necessary for hands-on instruction and basic laboratory explorations. The purpose of this project/study was to provide opportunities for the improvement of hands-on science and mathematics instruction to the elementary teachers in rural schools of New Mexico. A 6-day summer mathematics and science inservice workshop was provided for 39 rural elementary teachers focusing on minority participation, hands-on activities, and improvement of attitudes toward the teaching of mathematics and science. Among the results were indications of significant improvement in the knowledge of science and mathematics content as measured by a pre- and post-test, which included sections on knowledge, confidence, and anxiety for each of the two disciplines. There were also significant improvements in both confidence measures, as well as significant decreases in both anxiety measures. Additionally, follow-up visits, which were initiated several weeks after the workshop, indicated that the majority of the inservice participants had disseminated their new techniques and materials and were still enthusiastic about the incorporation of a hands-on method of instruction. (36 references) (JJK)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Science, Hands on Science, Inservice Teacher Education, Instructional Improvement, Manipulative Materials, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Science Education, Science Instruction, Small Schools, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Improvement, Teacher Workshops, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hands On Experience; New Mexico
Note: Paper presented at the Annual National Rural Small Schools Conference (Nashville, TN, March 18, 1991).