ERIC Number: ED334009
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-20
Reference Count: 0
Change in Parental Attitudes Toward Child-Rearing over Time.
Bohman, Thomas M.; And Others
The Parental Attitudes Toward Childrearing Questionnaire, which assesses parental warmth, encouragement of independence, strictness, and aggravation, was completed by 92 mothers and fathers when their child was 20, 26, and 32 months old. Analyses assessed covariation between parents across time points. Also assessed were the possibilities that: (1) parents differed according to sex of child; (2) mothers and fathers differed at each age of the child; and (3) parents' scores differed across the ages of the child. Results indicated that mothers reported more warmth, more encouragement of independence, and less strictness. Parents increased their emphasis on independence as the child grew older. Parental aggravation showed a complex relationship based on the parent, and the child's gender and age. When the child was 20 to 32 months old, parents increasingly covaried on their reported attitudes toward strictness and aggravation. Differences between mothers and fathers generally was related to the child's gender in such a way that mothers appeared to have more socialization demands for girls, and fathers more socialization demands for boys. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Encouragement; Independent Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).