ERIC Number: ED334008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Parent's Presence on Children's Social Interactions in Preschool.
Wolpow, Ellen B.
The effect of the presence of a parent on the frequency and complexity of the social behavior of children at two cooperative preschools was studied. It was expected that securely attached children would explore their environment more comprehensively and competently when a parent was present than would insecurely attached children. Parents participated in the classrooms one day a week. Data on children's social interactions during free play, both when the parent was present and when the parent was absent, were gathered. Parent-child relationships were observed. Children were 3- or 4-year-olds who were enrolled full-time in a 3-hour daily program. No interactions between attachment security and condition were found. However, findings indicated that children engaged in less high-level play and more low-level play during free play on days when the parent was working in the preschool. Children initiated play with peers less often in the parent's presence than in the parent's absence. Children also expressed more negative emotion and spent less time in proximity to adults when the parent was at school. The relation of the findings to attachment theory, and the implications for practitioners, are discussed. (RH)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Attachment Behavior, Classroom Research, Cooperatives, Parent Influence, Parent Participation, Peer Relationship, Play, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Social Behavior
Child Trends, Inc., 2100 M Street N.W., Suite 610, Washington, DC 20037 (free).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cooperative Preschools
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).