ERIC Number: ED333979
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Development of a Measure of the Parenting Alliance.
Abidin, Richard R.; Brunner, John F.
The Parenting Alliance Inventory (PAI) was administered to 186 mothers and 75 fathers with a wide range of socioeconomic backgrounds who had at least one child between 2 and 6 years of age. Subjects were recruited from child care facilities, pediatric practices, and public recreational facilities in central Virginia. Extrafamilial child caregivers provided ratings of each child's adjustment. In addition to the PAI, parents completed the Parenting Stress Index, Parents Attitude toward Child Rearing, Revised Marital Adjustment Scale, Preschool Behavior Rating Scale (PBRS), and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale. The child care providers completed the PBRS and the Behavioral Academic/Self Esteem Scale. Findings suggest that the scale is unidimensional and internally consistent; is not biased on the social desirability of the items; and exhibits concurrent and predictive validity. An examination of the pattern of correlations among variables based on gender revealed some notable differences. One consistent finding across gender was that parenting stress had a significant negative correlation with the perceived strength of the parenting alliance. It is concluded that results of this initial evaluation of the PAI are positive and suggest that the PAI measures the parenting alliance. Replication of the results with a larger sample is necessary before the validity and utility of the measure can be established. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Multiple Measures Approach; Parenting Alliance Inventory; Test Homogeneity
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).