ERIC Number: ED333972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
School Needs of Single-Parent Children in the Middle Grades: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis.
Wanat, Carolyn L.
The research goals of this study were to determine the special school needs of single-parent children; the effectiveness of schools in addressing those needs; and school policies, programs, and practices that would better address the needs of these children. Subjects were principals of Iowa schools with seventh and eighth grades; single parents of children in the schools; and experts in Iowa's Department of Public Instruction and other public and private social service agencies. Of the 510 principals who were mailed surveys, 391 responded and, a total of 398 single parents responded. A two-phase design was used. Data collected in the exploratory phase were obtained from 30 interviews of the principals, parents, and experts. In the verificational phase, a four-part survey instrument asked respondents to: (1) rate the importance of identified special needs of single-parent children; (2) confirm the existence and rate the importance of 25 specific school policies, programs, and practices; (3) evaluate the school's effectiveness in meeting the needs of single-parent children; and (4) provide personal and professional background information. Results showed that respondents agreed on four broad areas of special need: (1) stability and structure; (2) social acceptance; (3) parental involvement in education; and (4) children's need to spend time with adults. Other results are discussed. There are 51 citations. (RH)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Family School Relationship, Family (Sociological Unit), Individual Needs, Interviews, Junior High School Students, Junior High Schools, One Parent Family, Parent Attitudes, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, School Responsibility, School Role, Student Needs, Surveys
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Single Parents
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).