ERIC Number: ED333971
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Pictorial Representation of Objects and Relations between Objects: It Depends on the Child's View.
Bremner, J. Gavin; Batten, Annabel M.
Previous literature suggests that young children are relatively insensitive to viewpoint in drawing, only showing their view when the task demands it. In contrast, older children appear to become more sensitive to viewpoint, and it has been claimed that there is a developmental progression towards portrayal of viewpoint though linear perspective. This study investigated sensitivity to viewpoint by direct manipulation of the child's view. A total of 225 children of 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 years of age were asked to draw an L-shaped array of three cubes from one of three views: frontal eye-level, frontal elevated, and corner elevated. Within each age group, 15 children were assigned to each of the three conditions. Each child performed only one viewing condition and produced only one drawing. At every age, children showed sensitivity to viewpoint. In the case of younger children, this involved showing the number of cubes visible, but did not lead to an accurate portrayal of either the children's view or the array relations. Older children portrayed their view and the array relations more accurately than did younger children, and their viewpoint had a strong effect on their choice of projection system. There was no evidence of a general progression toward use of linear perspective. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Visual Representation
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).