ERIC Number: ED333963
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Infant Child Care. ERIC Digest.
This ERIC Digest briefly reviews studies of maternal employment, child care settings, and links between children's development and family and child care influences. Studies of maternal employment suggest that infants' positive relationships with caregivers may compensate for insecure attachments with mothers. If future research supports this conclusion, the stability and characteristics of the infant child care caregiver will assume great importance. Some research suggests that infants and toddlers cared for by responsive and sensitive caregivers have higher cognitive and language scores and greater social competence than do children who receive care from less responsive and less sensitive caregivers. Several features of the child care environment are linked to caregiver sensitivity and responsiveness. These include formal training in child development, a small number of children to care for, the number of adults in the caregiving environment, short hours, decreased responsibility for housework, and environments designed to be safe and appropriate for children. Research evidence does not suggest that infant child care per se is detrimental to the child's future social and emotional development. Research does raise concerns for the child who experiences insensitive care both at home and in child care. (RH)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.
Identifiers: ERIC Digests; Infant Care
Note: This digest was adapted from the article "Research in Review: Infant Child Care," by Carollee Howes, which appeared in the September, 1989 issue of "Young Children."