ERIC Number: ED333920
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-5
Reference Count: N/A
Stress, Job Satisfaction and the Community College Faculty.
Happ, Albert C.; Yoder, Edgar P.
In 1991, a study was undertaken to determine the relationship between stress and job satisfaction among community college faculty in Pennsylvania. All full-time faculty at the state's 14 two-year community colleges were surveyed using the Faculty Stress Index, the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire, and the Framingham Type A Scale. Selected findings, based on a final response rate of 61.4%, included the following: (1) female faculty members had significantly higher levels of overall stress and a slightly higher level of job demand stress than males; (2) though a greater proportion of female faculty did not have tenure, no significant interactive effects were found between gender and tenure status on stress level; (3) no significant differences were found between "hard" and"soft" academic disciplines; (4) faculty with a type A personality orientation had significantly higher stress levels than type B faculty; (5) three variables (i.e., total stress level, gender, and the first-order interaction of academic department and gender) were statistically significant components of job satisfaction, while two factors (i.e., being female and total level of stress) were negatively correlated to job satisfaction; and (6) as a whole, the faculty were fairly neutral relative to their overall job satisfaction. Specific strategies to help administrators address problems related to high job demand on faculty, and to help faculty reduce levels of stress and manage its effects are included. A review of related literature is also provided. (JMC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (72nd, Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).