ERIC Number: ED333909
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-13
Reference Count: N/A
Diversity in Serving Prison Populations.
Today, the United States incarcerates more people per capita and imposes longer sentences than any other country in the world. In 1966, there were less than 1,000 people in Arizona's only prison. Now, the state operates eight prison complexes housing 15,000 inmates annually. Given that the majority of imprisoned people are going to be released, education and training programs for inmates are essential. Arizona has been a leader in the provision of college-level education for inmates, linking each of the state's correctional institutions with a nearby community college. Together, Arizona's community colleges currently enroll approximately 3,000 inmates, or 20% of the total prison population, in programs adapted to the needs of each unique institutional environment. Pima Community College (PCC) has been serving Arizona State Prison Complex-Tucson since 1977. The college now offers three full-time high technology vocational/technical programs in desktop publishing/graphics, computer applications, and electronics/microcomputer technology, as well as a wide array of academic transfer courses, enrolling between 450 and 500 student-inmates per semester. Program faculty undergo a 40-hour orientation provided by the prison. The program also employs a full-time advisement specialist who insures that students understand the requirements for successful completion of their degrees or certificates. In addition, students nearing their prison release date can take special courses which teach skills in locating and keeping a job. Although no follow-up or longitudinal data are available on Arizona's programs, research has shown that education and training in prison is highly correlated to success outside, and thus to a reduction in recidivism. (PAA)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Arizona; Pima Community College AZ
Note: Paper presented at the Annual National Convention of the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (71st, Kansas City, MO, April 13-16, 1991).