ERIC Number: ED333858
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-3
Reference Count: 0
Examining Constructs of Highlighting Using Two Modes: Paper versus Computer.
Rice, Gary E.
This study examined the constructs of a study skill--highlighting--to determine whether the constructs for highlighting in a paper mode would be the same as highlighting in a computer mode. Constructs are defined as the underlying processes that are elicited in an experimental setting and that provide a basis for explaining the relations among the outcomes which are dependent upon subjects, stimulus materials, administration procedures, and scoring procedures and criteria. Two passages originally used by Messick (1989), one causal (rhetorical units) and one collection (idea units), were used in this experiment. The subjects, 120 undergraduate and graduate students (55% male and 45% female) enrolled in summer classes at a large university, were divided into four groups of 30. Two groups highlighted the causal type passage and two groups the collection type passage from either the computer or paper presentation. All four groups were administered the "Computer Readiness Index," and the two computer groups were given additional prior training to familiarize them with highlighting using the computer keyboard. A significant main effect was found for the paper presentation groups, who highlighted a significantly greater number of units than the computer groups. It is suggested that: (1) the computer groups may have had a more systematic approach to highlighting because of their prior training; (2) spreading-activation may have caused the subjects using pencil and marker to highlight clusters of units where the computer groups were more task-oriented; and (3) the use of highlighting text brings into play a different set of constructs when the material is presented via paper as compared to computer. (7 references) (BBM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Highlighting (Text); Paper and Pencil Tests
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).