ERIC Number: ED333580
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Cross Gender Effects in Principal-Teacher Communication: Using Survey and Field Study Techniques.
Gougeon, Thomas D.
An analysis of principal-teacher social control communication dynamics is offered in this report, with a focus on the effects of gender on such communication processes. Surveys were administered to 319 K-12 teachers in 19 Washington State schools and to 19 principals. Onsite interviews were also conducted with five principals. Findings from the field and statistical data indicate the existence of cross-gender effects on communication. Female teachers experienced male principals as significantly more discouraging, manipulating, and isolating than female principals. Female teachers experienced principal communication differently than did their male counterparts, which suggests gender-related differences. Implications are that effective communication occurs consistently at all levels of orientation--personal, official, and structural--and that the appropriate use of different types of communication is dependent upon the situation. Appendices include the teacher and principal questionnaires. (3 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Central Washington Univ., Ellensburg.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cross Sex Interaction; Washington
Note: For a replication of this study, se EA 023 093.