ERIC Number: ED333579
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: 0
Principal-Teacher Cross Gender Communication: A Replication Study.
Gougeon, Thomas D.
Differences between male and female teachers' perceptions of male and female principals, with a focus on principals' motivation and social control communication styles, are explored in this report. Social control communication was categorized into two factors--motivation and orientation. As a replication of a study conducted in Washington State, 399 teachers and 20 principals from 20 public schools in the Province of Alberta were surveyed to determine how teachers experienced their principal during communication episodes when the principal expressed expectations. Ten principals, 5 male and 5 female, were "shadowed" for a day to gather field data through observation, interviews, and document analysis. The findings indicated the existence of a cross-gender effect on teacher and principal communication. Teachers experienced female principals as being more positive communicators than male principals, using extrinsic and intrinsic reward structures. Male teachers did not perceive female principals to use threats or sanctions as often as did male principals. Compared with previous literature findings, the results demonstrate the existence and importance of separate gender realities. The recommendation is made for better understanding the differences between male and female experiences. One figure and four tables are included. (14 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Calgary Univ. (Alberta).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Alberta; Cross Sex Interaction
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for the Study of Educational Administration (Kingston, Ontario, Canada, June 1991). For the original study, see EA 023 094.